Angkor Wat Temple – 8th Wonder of the World – Preserving Heritage

Angor wat temple

Angkor Wat, located in Cambodia, has been declared the 8th wonder of the world, surpassing Italy’s Pompeii. This ancient temple complex, built in the 12th century, is the largest religious structure in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage site

Angkor Wat served as a shrine, observatory, and funerary temple, and it took almost 30 years to complete. The site, which was abandoned and later rediscovered, has seen a boom in visits in recent years and is now facing the challenge of mass tourism. Prime Minister Hun Sen congratulated Angkor Wat on becoming the 8th wonder of the world, beating Italy’s Pompeii

Step into the mystical realm of ancient wonders and immerse yourself in the captivating history of Angkor Wat temple. Nestled amidst lush greenery, this awe-inspiring architectural marvel stands as a testament to human ingenuity and artistic brilliance. 

As India takes up the noble task of restoring Angkor Wat temple, we embark on a journey to rediscover its grandeur and preserve its sacred heritage for generations to come. Join us as we unveil the secrets hidden within these hallowed walls and explore the enchanting world of Angkor Wat!

UNESCO Criteria to Declare World’s of Wonder

Sites must meet at least one of ten selection criteria and be of outstanding universal value in order to be added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. 

Six cultural and four environmental factors were taken into consideration when choosing World Heritage sites up until the end of 2004. There are now just ten criteria in the revised Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. 

The 10 Criteria to Declare Worlds of Wonder:

  1. To serve as a magnificent example of human creativity;
  2. To demonstrate a significant exchange of human values on advancements in town planning, monumental arts, architecture, and technology over time or within a specific cultural region of the world or landscape design;
  3. To bear a singular or at the very least remarkable, testament to a living or deceased civilization or cultural tradition;
  4. To represent one or more important eras in human history through a superb example of a particular kind of structure, technological group, or landscape;
  5. Being a prime illustration of a traditional human settlement, land use, or marine use that is emblematic of a culture (or cultures), or human engagement with the environment, particularly when the environment has grown vulnerable due to the effects of irreversible change;
  6. To have a tangible or direct connection to things like living customs, ideas, or beliefs, as well as literary and artistic creations of exceptional universal value. (The Committee believes that it is preferable to apply this criterion in conjunction with other criteria);
  7. To be home to extraordinary natural phenomena or regions of outstanding aesthetic value and beauty;
  8. To be exceptional illustrations of important epochs in the history of the planet, such as the record of life, noteworthy ongoing geological processes in the formation of landforms, or noteworthy geomorphic or physiographic features;
  9. To be exceptional illustrations of important ongoing ecological and biological processes involved in the formation of terrestrial, freshwater, coastal, and marine ecosystems as well as plant and animal communities;
  10. To be home to the most vital and noteworthy natural habitats for the in-situ preservation of biological diversity, including those that house threatened species of exceptional universal value from a scientific or conservation standpoint.

The World Heritage Committee develops these selection criteria for inscribing properties on the World Heritage List

Angkor Wat Temple was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because it is one of the most important archaeological sites in Southeast Asia, containing the magnificent remains of the various Khmer Empire capitals between the ninth and the fifteenth centuries.

The temple is a masterpiece of human creative genius and an outstanding example of Khmer architecture, closely linked to its geographical context as well as being imbued with symbolic significance. It is also an exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition and civilization that has disappeared. 

A comprehensive program has been established by UNESCO to protect this important location and its surroundings.

India Restoring Angkor Wat Temple

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

In a heartwarming display of cooperation and cultural preservation, India has taken on the noble endeavor of restoring the magnificent Angkor Wat temple in Cambodia. This collaborative effort between the two countries showcases not only their shared commitment to heritage conservation but also their mutual respect for each other’s rich historical legacies.

The restoration project aims to revive the splendor of this ancient marvel, which has stood as a symbol of religious devotion and architectural brilliance for centuries. Utilizing advanced techniques and traditional craftsmanship, Indian experts are meticulously working towards reviving every intricate detail of Angkor Wat’s ornate carvings and majestic structures.

With its expertise in renovating some of India’s most iconic temples, India brings extensive knowledge and experience to the table. The meticulous approach adopted by Indian restoration specialists ensures that no aspect is overlooked in bringing back the temple’s former glory.

This initiative not only contributes to preserving Cambodia’s cultural heritage but also fosters stronger ties between nations through a shared appreciation for history and artistry. It serves as a shining example of international collaboration centered around safeguarding our collective human legacy.

India’s involvement in restoring Angkor Wat temple signifies its unwavering dedication to celebrating diversity, fostering cultural exchange, and upholding our global heritage. As the restoration progresses, we eagerly anticipate witnessing this timeless masterpiece being reborn under India’s expert guidance – an extraordinary feat that will continue captivating visitors from all corners of the globe.

Angkor Wat Tree Temple

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

Hidden within the sprawling complex of Angkor Wat lies a hidden gem – the mysterious and enchanting Angkor Wat Tree Temple. This extraordinary temple, adorned with intricate carvings and surrounded by lush foliage, is a testament to the ancient Khmer civilization’s deep reverence for nature.

As you wander through the temple grounds, you’ll be captivated by the sight of towering trees intertwining with ancient stone structures. These magnificent trees have grown over centuries, their roots embracing the temple walls in a stunning display of harmony between man-made marvels and Mother Nature herself.

The presence of these majestic trees adds an ethereal quality to the already awe-inspiring atmosphere of Angkor Wat. The interplay between light filtering through lush green leaves and shadows dancing on weathered stones creates a visual spectacle that will leave you spellbound.

Exploring this unique temple offers not only a glimpse into Cambodia’s rich history but also an opportunity to connect with nature in its purest form. As you stand amidst these ancient giants, it’s hard not to feel a sense of tranquility and wonder at the resilience of both human ingenuity and natural beauty.

Whether you’re an avid photographer seeking out breathtaking shots or simply looking for a serene sanctuary amidst bustling crowds, visiting the Angkor Wat Tree Temple is an experience like no other. It serves as a reminder that our past can coexist harmoniously with our present, offering us moments of reflection and inspiration as we continue to preserve our shared heritage for future generations to come.

Also Read Hamas Israel News: All You Need to Know About

Angkor Wat History

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

The history of Angkor Wat is shrouded in mystery and intrigue, captivating the imagination of historians and travelers alike. This ancient temple complex stands as a testament to the ingenuity and architectural genius of the Khmer Empire, which ruled over Southeast Asia from the 9th to the 15th century.

Built during the reign of King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century, Angkor Wat was originally constructed as a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It later became a Buddhist site, reflecting the cultural shifts that occurred within this region over time.

Spanning an impressive area of approximately 402 acres (162 hectares), Angkor Wat is one of the largest religious monuments in existence. Its intricate carvings depict scenes from Hindu mythology and provide insight into Khmer society at its peak.

Located near Siem Reap in Cambodia, Angkor Wat draws visitors from across the globe who come to marvel at its grandeur and immerse themselves in its rich history. The best time to visit this magnificent site is during sunrise when you can witness the sun casting an ethereal glow upon its ancient structures.

There are several hotels conveniently located near Angkor Wat, offering comfortable accommodations for those exploring this UNESCO World Heritage Site. From luxurious resorts to budget-friendly options, there is something for every traveler’s preferences.

One cannot mention Angkor Wat without highlighting its iconic feature: trees that have grown intertwined with its stone walls. These mystical trees add an enchanting element to this already mesmerizing place, creating a unique blend of nature and human craftsmanship.

While many may compare it to other famous temples like India’s Meenakshi Temple or Thailand’s Ayutthaya Temple Complex due to their architectural similarities, each temple holds its own distinctive charm and historical significance.

Angkor Wat Temple was Built by

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

Angkor Wat Temple, a magnificent structure that attracts millions of visitors each year, was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century. This architectural marvel stands as a testament to the grandeur and creativity of the ancient Khmer Empire.

The construction of Angkor Wat took an estimated time of around 30 years to complete. It was designed as a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu but later transformed into a Buddhist temple complex. The intricate carvings and elaborate stone reliefs depict various scenes from Hindu mythology and historical events.

What makes Angkor Wat truly remarkable is its sheer size and scale. Covering an area of approximately 402 acres (162 hectares), it is considered the largest religious monument in the world. Its central tower reaches a height of over 213 feet (65 meters), dominating the surrounding landscape.

Located in Siem Reap province, Cambodia, Angkor Wat sits amidst lush greenery and is surrounded by moats that symbolize cosmic oceans in Hindu mythology. The site’s strategic location near major waterways played a crucial role in facilitating trade and communication during ancient times.

Visiting Angkor Wat at different times throughout the day offers unique experiences for travelers. However, witnessing the breathtaking sunrise over this iconic temple is an absolute must-do for many visitors. Watching as hues of orange and pink paint the sky behind this majestic structure creates unforgettable memories.

To accommodate tourists from all around the world who visit this UNESCO World Heritage Site, there are numerous hotels situated near Angkor Wat offering comfortable accommodations with stunning views or easy access to explore its wonders.

With its rich history, awe-inspiring architecture, and cultural significance, it’s no wonder why Angkor Wat continues to captivate people from all walks of life. Whether you’re interested in history or simply appreciate breathtaking architecture, exploring this incredible monument should be on every traveler’s bucket list.

Angkor Wat Temple Size

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

Angkor Wat Temple is renowned for its grandeur and size, making it one of the most impressive architectural wonders in the world. Spanning over 400 acres, this massive temple complex is a testament to the engineering prowess and artistic vision of its builders.

The sheer magnitude of Angkor Wat is awe-inspiring. Its main temple stands at an impressive height of 213 feet, adorned with intricate carvings depicting scenes from Hindu mythology. The entire structure consists of five towers symbolizing Mount Meru, the mythical abode of the gods.

The outer walls stretch for almost four kilometers and enclose a vast courtyard that was once bustling with activity during religious ceremonies. Walking through these ancient corridors gives you a sense of reverence for the past and a deeper appreciation for the craftsmanship involved in building such an enormous monument.

Exploring Angkor Wat requires time and stamina as there are countless chambers, galleries, and hidden passageways to discover within its expansive grounds. From towering pillars to delicate bas-reliefs, every inch of this temple showcases exquisite attention to detail.

As you wander through this colossal complex, it becomes evident why restoration efforts are crucial in preserving its magnificence for future generations. It’s no small feat to maintain such an immense structure that has weathered centuries of wear and tear.

In conclusion (not conclusive), Angkor Wat Temple’s size alone speaks volumes about its historical significance and cultural importance. It serves as a reminder not only of Cambodia’s rich heritage but also of humanity’s capacity to create something truly extraordinary. So next time you visit this iconic landmark, take a moment to marvel at its grand scale – it truly is a sight like no other!

Where Is Angkor Wat Located

Located in the northwestern part of Cambodia, Angkor Wat is nestled near the city of Siem Reap. This magnificent temple complex is situated amidst lush greenery and spans an area of about 400 square kilometers. It is surrounded by a moat that adds to its grandeur and mystique.

The ancient city of Angkor was once the capital of the Khmer Empire, which thrived from the 9th to the 15th century. Nowadays, it serves as a major tourist destination for travelers from all over the world who come to marvel at its unique architecture and rich history.

To reach this UNESCO World Heritage site, visitors can fly into Siem Reap International Airport or take a bus from other parts of Cambodia. Once in Siem Reap, there are numerous transportation options available, including tuk-tuks and taxis, to take you to Angkor Wat.

Exploring Angkor Wat requires some planning as there are multiple temples spread across the area. The most common way to visit is by purchasing an entrance pass at one of several ticket booths located near the main entrance.

Visiting during sunrise or sunset offers breathtaking views as sunlight casts mesmerizing hues on these ancient structures. However, be prepared for large crowds during peak hours.

Whether you’re an avid history buff or simply seeking adventure in an enchanting setting, visiting Angkor Wat promises an unforgettable experience that will leave you awestruck by its beauty and architectural marvels.

Best Time to Visit Cambodia Angkor Wat

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

When it comes to visiting the majestic Angkor Wat temple in Cambodia, timing is everything. The best time to visit this UNESCO World Heritage site is during the dry season, which runs from November to March. During these months, the weather is mild and pleasant, with lower humidity levels and less chance of rain.

The dry season also offers clearer skies, allowing visitors to fully appreciate the stunning sunrise or sunset views at Angkor Wat. Watching as the sun casts a golden glow over the ancient temple complex is truly a breathtaking experience.

However, if you prefer fewer crowds and don’t mind a bit of heat, visiting during the shoulder seasons of April-May or September-October can be a good option. While temperatures may soar during these months, you’ll have more space to explore without jostling through large crowds of tourists.

On the other hand, it’s best to avoid visiting Angkor Wat during the rainy season (June-October). Heavy rains can make exploring difficult and some areas might be inaccessible due to flooding. Plus, constant downpours can dampen your spirits and hinder those picture-perfect moments.

So plan your trip wisely and choose a time that suits your preferences – whether it’s basking in mild weather amidst fellow travelers or braving high temperatures for some quieter moments of discovery at this magnificent ancient wonder.

Hotels near Angkor Wat

There are several hotels near Angkor Wat in Siem Reap, Cambodia, that cater to different budgets and offer various facilities. Here is a list of hotels from low budget to high budget with their price range and facilities:

1. Golden Temple Hotel: 

This hotel is located in the heart of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $50 to $100 per night.

2. Hari Residence & Spa: 

This hotel is located in a quiet area of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $30 to $50 per night.

3. Lotus Blanc Resort: 

This hotel is located near the airport and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $50 to $100 per night.

4. Rambutan Hotel & Resort: 

This hotel is located in the heart of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $30 to $50 per night.

5. The Urban: 

This hotel is located in the center of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $50 to $100 per night.

6. Siem Reap Palace Hotel & Spa: 

This hotel is located in the heart of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $50 to $100 per night.

7. Koulen Central Hotel: 

This hotel is located in the center of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $50 to $100 per night.

8. Zita Angkor Hotel: 

This hotel is located in the center of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $50 to $100 per night.

9. Angkor Resort & Spa: 

This hotel is located in the center of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $100 to $200 per night.

10. Phka Chan Hotel: 

This hotel is located in the center of Siem Reap and offers a range of facilities, including a spa, outdoor pool, and restaurant. The price range for this hotel is around $30 to $50 per night.

Angkor Wat Temple Sunrise

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

The sunrise at Angkor Wat is a breathtaking and iconic experience that attracts visitors from around the world. The best spot to witness the sunrise at Angkor Wat is the reflecting pool in front of the main temple. 

The sunrise at Angkor Wat is a special moment to capture, and it has become quite popular over the years. The experience of witnessing the sunrise at Angkor Wat is often described as a magical phenomenon, and it is considered a must-do activity for visitors to the temple complex.

To make the most of the Angkor Wat sunrise experience, there are several tips and recommendations to consider. It is advisable to purchase tickets in advance to avoid rushing and ensure a smooth experience. Additionally, checking the weather forecast ahead of time is crucial to ensure a successful sunrise viewing. 

The best time to see the sunrise is during the dry season, from early December until March when the weather is pleasant and mild with the least amount of rainfall. It is also recommended to avoid visiting on weekends to avoid crowds and fully enjoy the experience.

The sunrise at Angkor Wat is a unique spectacle that varies depending on the weather and the position of the sun. Twice a year, during the equinox of March and September, the sun rises just behind the main tower, making the sunrise even more spectacular. The experience of witnessing the sunrise at Angkor Wat is enhanced by the surrounding landscape, which includes ancient stone spires, beautiful ornaments, and a picturesque silhouette.

The sunrise at Angkor Wat is a magical and unforgettable experience that attracts visitors from all over the world. To make the most of this experience, it is important to plan ahead, purchase tickets in advance, and consider the weather conditions. The sunrise at Angkor Wat is a special moment that offers a unique perspective on this ancient and iconic temple complex.

What is special about Angkor Wat temple?

What is special about Angkor Wat temple?

The Angkor Wat temple is truly a marvel that captivates visitors from around the world. Its uniqueness lies not only in its sheer grandeur but also in the rich history and cultural significance it holds.

One of the most striking aspects of Angkor Wat is its architectural brilliance. The intricate carvings on every surface, depicting scenes from Hindu mythology, are a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the ancient Khmer people. The temple’s design also reflects a harmonious blend of both Hindu and Buddhist influences.

Another special feature of Angkor Wat is its massive size. Covering an area of over 400 acres, it is considered to be one of the largest religious monuments in existence. Exploring this vast complex feels like stepping into another world, where time stands still and every corner reveals hidden treasures.

Moreover, what sets Angkor Wat apart is its spiritual ambiance. As you walk through its corridors and courtyards, there is an overwhelming sense of tranquility and reverence that envelops you. Whether you are observing a breathtaking sunrise or witnessing monks performing rituals, there is no denying the profound spiritual energy that permeates this sacred site.

Angkor Wat serves as a powerful symbol of Cambodia’s heritage and resilience. Despite enduring centuries of war and destruction, it has been lovingly restored to showcase its former glory for future generations to appreciate.

Packed with architectural wonders, immense size, and spiritual significance, the specialness of Angkor Wat is undeniable. Its unique features make it more than just a temple; it is a living testament to the artistry and devotion of ancient civilizations. Its cultural importance cannot be overstated, and its restoration is an ongoing effort to preserve and celebrate a piece of world heritage.

What Hindu god is Angkor Wat?

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

Angkor Wat, the magnificent temple complex in Cambodia, is not dedicated to just one Hindu god but rather represents a fusion of various deities from Hindu mythology. However, the primary deity associated with Angkor Wat is Vishnu, the Preserver in Hinduism.

Vishnu is one of the principal gods in Hinduism and is revered for his role in maintaining cosmic order and protecting the universe. In Angkor Wat, you can find numerous carvings and statues depicting Vishnu in different forms such as standing or reclining on a serpent called Shesha.

Apart from Vishnu, other important deities like Shiva and Brahma are also prominently featured throughout Angkor Wat. Shiva symbolizes destruction and transformation while Brahma represents creation. These three gods together form what is known as the Hindu Trimurti or Trinity.

The inclusion of multiple gods at Angkor Wat reflects the rich religious diversity prevalent during its construction period. It showcases how different beliefs and traditions blend harmoniously within this sacred space.

Visiting Angkor Wat allows you to witness these representations of divine power firsthand and appreciate their significance within Hindu mythology. The intricate carvings and grand architecture make it an awe-inspiring site that attracts tourists from all over the world.

So whether you’re fascinated by ancient history or have a deep interest in spirituality, exploring Angkor Wat provides a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the captivating world of Hindu gods and their stories.

What trees are in Angkor Wat temples?

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

The temples of Angkor Wat in Cambodia are known for their lost-world feel, thanks in part to trees and vegetation that have colonized the structures. While giant roots and trunks pouring over ancient blocks and carvings look cool, the trees are actually a destructive force acting on the temples. 

However, evidence has emerged that, in some cases, trees are also doing exactly the opposite—they are protecting rather than destroying the temples. The findings specifically refer to the thick forests that grew around the temples after they were abandoned in the 15th century.

The Ta Prohm Temple, located in the Angkor Wat complex, is one of the most photogenic temples in Cambodia. It is known as the “Tomb Raider temple” for being featured in the 2001 Angelina Jolie movie. The ruins have an atmosphere that is just amazing. 

Ancient Buddhist carvings and crumbling walls have been decayed by time and swallowed up by giant jungle roots, and the resulting impression is nothing short of epic. The temple’s four concentric walls are riddled with visible roots belonging to century-old silk cotton and strangler figs. Their spiderweb branches stretch well above the tallest towers.

In particular, the roots of strangler figs, kapok, and banyan trees aggressively encompassed the Angkor structures. These trees have grown over the facades and through existing cracks in the structures. Banyan tree roots have grown over the facades and through existing cracks into the structures. 

The site was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. Since then, the main temples have seen ongoing restoration, which continues today.

The trees that grow in the Angkor Wat temples are mainly strangler figs, kapok, and banyan trees. These trees have grown over the facades and through existing cracks in the structures, causing damage to some of the temples. 

However, in some cases, the trees are also doing exactly the opposite—they are protecting rather than destroying the temples. The Ta Prohm Temple, located in the Angkor Wat complex, is one of the most photogenic temples in Cambodia, and its four concentric walls are riddled with visible roots belonging to century-old silk-cotton and strangler figs.

Which Indian temple is similar to Angkor Wat?

Restoring Angkor Wat Temple - Preserving Heritage

The Indian temple that is similar to Angkor Wat is the Khajuraho Temple, located in Khajuraho, India. These temples are often considered the Indian equivalent of Angkor Wat. Additionally, a Hindu trust in India’s eastern state of Bihar has begun building a replica of Cambodia’s Angkor Wat temple, which will be known as Virat Angkor Wat Ram temple. This temple will be the world’s largest Hindu temple and will house other Hindu deities like Radha-Krishna, Shiv-Parvati, Ganesh, Surya, and 10 incarnations of Lord Vishnu.

The Khajuraho Temples, a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh, India, are renowned for their stunning and intricate erotic sculptures and are often compared to the grandeur of Angkor Wat. These temples, built between 950 and 1050 AD, are known for their architectural symbolism, intricate carvings, and exquisite sculptures.

The Virat Angkor Wat Ram temple, being constructed in Bihar, India, is a full-scale replica of the 12th-century temple of Angkor Wat. It will be slightly larger than the original Angkor Wat, with five shikharas (towers) that will be 222 feet high. The main deity of this replica will be Lord Ram, flanked by other Hindu deities, making it the world’s largest Hindu temple.

The Khajuraho Temples and the upcoming Virat Angkor Wat Ram temple in Bihar, India, are Indian temples that are similar to Angkor Wat in terms of architectural grandeur and historical significance.

Comments

No comments yet. Why don’t you start the discussion?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *